# Category Archives: Science

## On the notion of a single truth

If there had been a single truth, then time would not have been relative to speed in space.

Now that time is relative to speed in space, we have to accept that there isn’t a single truth.

It means that there is neither “a true tree of life” nor “a Higgs particle”.

## On the problem with reality

The problem with reality is that it just have a front side and a back side, and nothing in between.

## On classification, and Linné’s solution of its inherent inconsistency

If we want to divide all things of a particular kind, like “particles”, “species” or “butterflies”, into several subkinds, then there are two different (actually orthogonal) methods to achieve this goal. One is to partition the whole group into subkinds, then partition each of these kinds into subkinds, then partition each of these kinds into subkinds, and so on. The other is to join similar things of the kind into kinds, join these kinds into superkinds, join these classes into superkinds, and so on. The former thus starts with the kind itself and ends with all possible subkinds, whereas the latter starts with all things of the kind and ends with the kind itself.

Now, the fact that the former method doesn’t end with the things of the kind themselves, but with all possible subkinds of the kind, means that the two methods can’t reach the same division, since the number of partitions in them differ by one. The two methods are simply incompatible, actually orthogonally contradictory.

This fact did Carl von Linné understand, either consciously or unconsciously, and found out that the only way to to join these orthogonal methods consistently is to first partition the kind into two nested sets of kinds, one generic and one specific, whereafter the generic sets can be consistently joined into superkinds. Linné did thus find a solution of the inherent inconsistency of classification.

What this problem and solution tells us is that no question has an unambiguous answer, because in order to find the answer we have to classify, and classification is inherently either inconsistent or ambiguous.

## How shall we handle the impossibility to understand reality?

The notion of a “Higgs particle” in the context of “particles” can be likened to a notion of an “Envall principle” in the context of “principles”.

The idea is that the eternal division of particles can be handled rationally by assuming that there is a kind of particle that temporarily emerges from a field (ie, the “Higgs particle”). In this setting, particles are fundamentally a process wherein “Higgs particles” continuously arise from a field. Exactly what a “Higgs particle” is, ie, a “field” or a “particle”, is uncertain.

This idea can be likened to that the eternal division of principles could be handled rationally by assuming that there is a kind of principle that temporarily emerges from a field. In this setting, principles are fundamentally a process wherein “Envall principles” continuously arise from a field. Exactly what an “Envall principle” is, ie, a “field” or a “principle”, is uncertain. However, sure is that if it is a “field”, then it’s not a principle, and if it’s a principle, then it’s not a field.

Nothing can be both something and nothing at the same time, even if it would solve our problem to understand the world, because if it could, then time would not be empirically relative to speed in space.

## Reality is nothing but an illusion

Everything has two orthogonal aspects, including reality.

If both of these aspects are correct, then there can’t be anything between them, because if there is, then reality is contradictory.

There thus isn’t anything between the two orthogonal aspects on reality. Reality is nothing but an illusion. (But, we can understand how this illusion behaves.) Continue reading

## On a single understanding of the world

If there had been a single understanding of the world, then the world hadn’t been locked in eternal change, but had sooner or later reached that understanding. However, now that there isn’t, it neither don’t nor won’t.

The only other possibility is that the world instead is locked in a single understanding, and that change actually only occurs in our heads. But, if so, then time would not have been empirically relative to speed in space, ie, to the extent that clocks draw with increasing speed in space. We can’t fake empirical evidence.

So, there obviously isn’t a single understanding of the world, and thus neither any “Higgs particle” nor any “tree of life”. Instead, particle physicists and cladists appear to have misunderstood matters totally, actually up-side-down or inside-out (depending on whether we describe it in 2 or 3 dimensions).

Together with the facts that there isn’t any exit from conceptualization and that we can’t stop change, this fact means that our comprehension of the world (in for example politics) will circulate between its extremes forever. The only thing we can influence is what we practically do in every state, ie, the practical consequences of it. The circle is inevitable, but we can reduce the damage from it (and thus the need of truth commissions).

## On objectivity, truth and possibility, and wishful thinking

Some people claim that it is impossible to be totally objective. This is, however, not true. It is possible to be totally objective about the result of a competition. It means that there is also a truth, ie, that it is possible to be totally objective about the result of a competition. So, facts are that we can be totally objective and that there is a truth.

Some people claim that everything is possible. This is, however, not true. It is not possible to eat a cake and keep it, or to check if the light in the fridge is off when the door is closed. Fact is that not everything is possible.

The problem with these facts is that they either are man-made or contradict belief, none of which we wish. We wish facts that agree with belief, which, unfortunately, can’t be found. Wishful thinking can thus never be realized (independently of whether particle physics claims it has or not).